Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.647299
Title: Developing a recombinant model of the P2Y1 and P2Y11 receptor interactions mediating relaxation in gut smooth muscle
Author: Farran, B.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5366 2147
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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Abstract:
ATP and ADP mediate gut smooth muscle relaxation through two receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y11. This project aims to investigate the interaction between these two receptors by developing a recombinant model of the P2Y receptors expressed in gut smooth muscle cells (SMCs) by transfecting the human P2Y11 receptor cDNA into CHO-K1 cells, which express an endogenous P2Y1 receptor. Individual clonal cell lines expressing different densities of hP2Y11 were isolated from this stably-transfected CHO-K1:P2Y11 pool and characterized. A clone expressing a “high” density of hP2Y11 (13) and a clone expressing a “low” density of hP2Y11 (6) were selected for further study. Control 1321N1 cell lines expressing each receptor in isolation (1321N1-hP2Y1 and 1321N1-hP2Y11) were used for comparison purposes. The potency (EC50) of eight different nucleotide agonists was determined in calcium assays in the co-expressing cell lines. ADP and 2meSATP responses were biphasic in clone 13 but monophasic in clone 6. To investigate the nature of the two sites of the biphasic curves in clone 13, the effect of MRS 2179, NF 340 and Reactive Red on agonist responses was determined. MRS 2179 antagonized the high affinity site of the biphasic ADP and 2meSATP responses in clone 13 without affecting the low affinity site. NF 340 had no effect on agonist responses in clone 13. Reactive Red antagonized both sites of the biphasic curves in clone 13. These data suggest that the high-affinity site of the biphasic ADP and 2meSATP responses in clone 13 corresponds to P2Y1. The low-affinity site of the 2meSATP curve is most likely P2Y11. The low-affinity site the ADP response displays both P2Y1 and P2Y11-like. The novel ADP site, therefore, is elicited by differences in the expression level of P2Y11 and may correspond to a P2Y1:hP2Y11 receptor heteromer or a macromolecular complex containing both P2Y1 and P2Y11.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.647299  DOI: Not available
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