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Title: In vivo quantification of metabolic activity in aortic aneurysms using PET
Author: Kotze, C. W.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 9650
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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Objective: To investigate the role of hybrid 18F-FDG PET/CT as a potential risk-stratification tool of aneurysm expansion by measuring metabolic activity on PET and textural analysis on CT in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Histological markers of AAA wall inflammatory cell infiltrate and enzymatic degradation have been associated with increased 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-Positron Emission Tomography /Computed Tomography (PET/CT) uptake. Methods: Fifty patients with asymptomatic infrarenal AAA enrolled under surveillance at one of our institutions underwent 18F-FDG-PET/CT. Seventeen subjects were investigated for increased glucolysis in the AAA wall and optimal circulation imaging time for 18F-FDG. In 25 subjects the relationship between aneurysm metabolic activity and expansion was explored. Forty subjects had AAA CT textural analysis (CTTA) parameters performed on the CT component of PET/CT and were studied in relation to aneurysm expansion. Twenty-four subjects had circulating biomarkers analysed. Whole vessel assessment, region of interest analysis and the role of correcting for background blood pool activity were explored. Results: Thirteen of seventeen subjects investigated for increased 18F-FDG uptake had an AAA wall SUVmax > 2.5. In 17 subjects assessed for optimal circulation imaging time for 18F-FDG, no significant advantage in imaging at 3h over 1h after 18F-FDG injection was observed. 18F-FDG uptake correlated inversely with future AAA expansion in the preliminary group of 25 patients and in 40 subjects who also had CTTA. In subjects who had CTTA, coarse texture showed an inverse association with 18F-FDG uptake and medium coarse texture correlated with future AAA expansion. In 24 AAA patients who had serum biomarker assays, significantly higher levels of high sensitivity matrix metalloproteinase-9 (hsMMP-9) and hsMMP-2 compared to healthy controls were found. There was no correlation between AAA 18F-FDG uptake and levels of hsMMP-9, hsMMP-2, hs-interferon-γ and hs-C-reactive protein. Conclusions: In-vivo 18F-FDG PET/CT data indicated that small AAA show increased glucose metabolism. Relationships between AAA 18F-FDG uptake, CTTA and future expansion were identified. AAA18F-FDG PET/CT shows potential to identify subjects at risk of significant expansion. AAA metabolism may not relate to serum levels of certain inflammatory biomarkers.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available