Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Pensions, work and informality : a multi-tier contributory pension system
Author: Otero Correa, A. F.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 9132
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This thesis studies the relationship between pension incentives and formal labour market participation in a multi-tier de ned contribu- tion pension system. During 2008 a mayor pension reform was imple- mented in Chile, changing simultaneously the redistributive welfare and contributory tier of the system, introducing several elements to boost formal labour market participation and reduce inequalities. The expected pension wealth at retirement and the accrual rate have di er- ently changed for di erent group of the population due to the reform. I estimate the e ects of the reform on formal labour market partici- pation using two di erent empirical strategies: First, I use a di erence in di erence estimator to address the e ect of the expected pension wealth on formal labour market participation. I exploit the di eren- tial e ects of the reform on individuals belonging to di erent groups to gain identi cation. The endogenous pension wealth is instrumen- talized using time and group dummies. Second, I solve and estimate a dynamic consumption, labour supply and pension savings accumula- tion life cycle structural model. It complements the existing literature by incorporating the choice of two sectors in the labour market, the formal and informal labour sectors and by allowing for intrahouse- hold bargaining power. Households choose individuals' sector labour supply and consumption in an environment with uncertainty given by sectoral wage shocks, future marital status and future fertility choices. The main results of the thesis are threefold. Firstly, the changes in the nal pension wealth at retirement and the accrual rate have reduced formal labour market participation. Secondly, the reform has increased not only the self- nanced pension wealth but also has importantly improved the nal pension due to the rst tier reform. Finally, even though the nal pension changes have been positive for both gender, the female pension improvement has been much higher than the rise for men reducing the gender inequalities.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available