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Title: Evaluation of intestinal motility with Magnetic Resonance Enterography and computer post-processing
Author: Menys, A. H.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 6281
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2015
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Small bowel motility is an essential, physiological process central to the processing of ingested food. The small bowel is however anatomically and functionally complex, varying greatly between individuals and located deep within the abdomen making it extremely difficult to access with instrumentation. As a consequence, and in spite of its known or suspected role in a range of diseases, there remain little in the way of objective tests to evaluate or even observe this process in vivo. This thesis details the validation and application of a novel computer post-processing technique that allows the quantification of Magnetic Resonance Enterography derived time-series image data. A background to small bowel physiology and existing techniques is first provided along with an introduction to the registration algorithm used throughout this thesis to quantify small bowel motility. The technique is then applied retrospectively to two Crohn’s disease patient cohorts to explore how this inflammatory bowel disease influences contractility. A prospective evaluation of segmental motility analysis is then presented drawing attention to large within subject variation, in a cohort of healthy volunteers, as a limitation for this technique. As an alternative, a global motility analysis approach is described and validated. Although global measures of motility appeared robust, factors influencing clinical application are further addressed by expanding the technique to allow motility analysis in free-breathing data. In the final piece of research presented, the application of the global technique to a cohort of Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction patients is detailed. The thesis is concluded with a reflection of the results and a chapter dedicated to the commercial exploitation of the research to address the ongoing need for a robust test to quantise intestinal motility.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available