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Title: Epigenetic regulation at MLL1 target genes
Author: Wiersma, Maaike
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 0419
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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The mixed-lineage leukaemia 1 protein is a histone methyl-transferase that deposits the gene activating H3K4 trimethyl mark, and is often mutated in leukaemia. MLL1 is normally associated with a cohort of cofactors, but the mechanisms regulating the histone methyl-transferase activity remain unclear. Here I examine the role of Msk1, a downstream kinase of the MAP-kinase pathway, in regulating MLL1 activity. Msk1 is known to deposit the H3S10 phosphorylation mark, which was found to stimulate MLL1’s methylation activity in vitro. Here I demonstrate that MLL1 and Msk1 can be immunoprecipitated and their patterns of genomic binding show an overlap at ~30 of sites, suggesting a direct functional interaction. In transient MLL1 and Msk1 knock-down cells, known MLL1 target genes were down-regulated and at a global level, 30% of all responding genes were regulated in the same manner. Furthermore, key histone modifications at MLL1 target genes change in Msk1 knock-down cells, suggesting that histone cross-talk within the MLL1 complex acts as a means of gene regulation. Finally, cell cycle studies suggest MLL1-Msk1 cross-talk may stimulate MLL1-driven gene expression after mitosis. These findings suggest that MLL1 is regulated by Msk1 and therefore by extracellular signals via the MAP-kinase pathway.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH426 Genetics ; RC Internal medicine