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Title: Numerical modelling studies on asymmetries in tropical cyclones
Author: Yang, He
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 1989
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Hurricanes are the most destructive of all weather systems. Conditions necessary for their formation are well known, but not those sufficient to guarantee their occurrence. A thorough understanding of their structure, the physical and dynamical processes which operate within them, and their interactions with the large-scale environmental flow are necessary if accurate forecasts are to be made of their development and tracks. In the present study, both 2-D (axisymmetric) and 3-D (asymmetric), two-layer (plus the boundary layer) numerical models have been developed. The 2 -D model is used to investigate the essential characteristics of the symmetric flow component of tropical cyclones. The heating rate, which is computed at the mid-level in the model, is related to the vortexflow itself. It consists of three parts: moisture convergence over the whole column, Ekman pumping and surface evaporation. The moisture convergence is found to be crucial in providing latent heating released by condensation of water vapour sufficient to compensate adiabatic ascent cooling. The Ekman pumping plays an important role as a 'contractor', i.e. to cause the maximum winds to concentrate towards the centre, and consequent intensification of the modelled vortex. The surface evaporation, although relatively S11UJU, spreads over a larger area than the other two. It is found to beessentialformaintenance of the mature stage.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available