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Title: Investigation of binding preferences and identification of novel binding partners for the SH3 domains of the multifunctional adaptor protein CD2AP
Author: Rouka, Evgenia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5356 9882
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2014
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CD2AP is a member of the CD2AP/CIN85 family of adaptors and involved in several cellular processes, such as kidney podocyte development, actin mediated membrane trafficking and T cell activation. It contains three SH3 domains whose binding properties and interaction partners remain largely unexplored. The CD2AP SH3 interaction with the novel partner Rab5-activating GEF RIN3 was studied extensively by isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), peptide scanning arrays, mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography. Mapping of the interaction regions showed that human RIN3 contains two binding sites for the CD2AP SH3 domains. From these studies, the CD2AP SH3 recognition motif P-x-P/A-x-x-R emerged. Two crystal structures (1.65 Å and 1.2 Å) of the SH3 1 and SH3-2 domains in complex with RIN3 epitopes 1 and 2 respectively revealed that these residues serve as anchoring points. With the aid of bioinformatics tools, this motif was used to conduct a peptide array-based screen for additional signalling partner candidates. One of the hits was the Arf-GAP ARAP1. ITC data indicate that the three SH3 domains differentially recognise three ARAP1 epitopes, with the first ARAP1 epitope binding to SH3-2 in the nanomolar range. A crystal structure (1.6 Å) of the SH3-2 domain in complex with the first ARAP1 epitope implicates two additional anchoring residues that extend beyond the PPII helical region of the canonical motif. The CD2AP/ARAP1 interaction was confirmed in podocytes and cancer cells at the endogenous protein level. Even though RIN3 and ARAP1 are involved in membrane trafficking, a direct link to CD2AP had not been reported before. Other candidates from the peptide array analyses were also investigated by ITC. In conclusion, this study led to the elucidation of the CD2AP SH3-1 and SH3-2 domain binding signatures and the identification of putative novel binding partners for all three SH3 domains. Lastly, insight was gained into the binding preferences of CD2AP SH3-3.
Supervisor: Feller, Stephan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Oncology ; Biology (medical sciences) ; SH3 domain ; podocyte ; isothermal titration calorimetry ; peptide array ; protein crystallography ; cell culture