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Title: Global warming and electricity supply : towards the integration of energy and environment policies in the European Community?
Author: Collier, U. L.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1994
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In the 1990s, environmental concerns are receiving higher priority in the formulation of policies relating to the energy sector. At the same time, steps have been taken to liberalise some parts of the energy sector, notably electricity supply. As environmental policy is moving from a reactive to a more pro-active mode, it has been recognised that there is a need to integrate environmental concerns into all policies at an early stage. The main aim of this thesis is to assess whether this integration objective is being achieved by examining responses to the global warming issue and parallel agendas for the electricity sector in the European Community (EC). Criteria for integrated policy-making are defined in terms of both policy objectives and means to achieve them. These criteria are used to examine critically policy developments both at EC level and in three member states; Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom, investigating policy developments as well as the activities of individual electricity companies. The study has involved interviews with over 50 policy-makers, electricity companies and other relevant actors. The thesis demonstrates that policy integration is a dynamic process. Clear progress has been made during the research period. Various structures and procedures have been set up in the countries studied to ensure environmental problems are given better consideration. Furthermore, governments are paying increasing attention to policy instruments, such as environmental taxes, which can achieve both environmental and economic objectives. However, environmental concerns have received little attention when major changes to the regulatory and institutional frameworks of the electricity sector have been undertaken. Liberalisation, which in some cases has been the main aim of these changes, is in environmental terms not negative per se. However, to ensure that the environmental effects of liberalisation are positive, an appropriate regulatory framework has to be set by governments.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available