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Title: Fungal spores as palaeoenvironmental indicators of anthropogenic activity
Author: Clarke, Ciara Marie
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1995
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Fungal spores often occur in palynological preparations and have been successfully incorporated in both biostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental investigations. However, the majority of palynologists choose to ignore such microfossils, primarily because of the difficulties relating to their identification. Where they have been used conventional palynological extraction procedures have been implemented in the preparation of samples. The suitability of such techniques for the recovery of fungal palynomorphs has been assumed in many cases. The objective of this thesis were to study the effect of different processing techniques on the recovery of fungal palynomorphs, to propose a suitable morphological recording system and to investigate the potential of using fungal palynomorphs as palaeonenvironmental indicators of anthropogenic activity. Following the specification of a suitable extraction procedure for fungal palynomorphs and an appropriate morphological recording system 215 types were described. These types were encountered in samples from modern and archaeological situations and across a variety of different environments. The types fall into 19 morphological categories as defined in the recording system. Many of the types are restricted to either modern or archaeological sample sets although some are common to both. 96 types are comparable to known fungal taxa, 8 are considered algal in origin, 4 are parasite eggs and 1 has been identified as a rhizopod species. The remaining 106 can only be classified morphologically until they can be related to known taxa.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available