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Title: Computational models for stuctural analysis of retinal images
Author: Kaba, Djibril
ISNI:       0000 0004 5352 0165
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2014
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The evaluation of retina structures has been of great interest because it could be used as a non-intrusive diagnosis in modern ophthalmology to detect many important eye diseases as well as cardiovascular disorders. A variety of retinal image analysis tools have been developed to assist ophthalmologists and eye diseases experts by reducing the time required in eye screening, optimising the costs as well as providing efficient disease treatment and management systems. A key component in these tools is the segmentation and quantification of retina structures. However, the imaging artefacts such as noise, intensity homogeneity and the overlapping tissue of retina structures can cause significant degradations to the performance of these automated image analysis tools. This thesis aims to provide robust and reliable automated retinal image analysis technique to allow for early detection of various retinal and other diseases. In particular, four innovative segmentation methods have been proposed, including two for retinal vessel network segmentation, two for optic disc segmentation and one for retina nerve fibre layers detection. First, three pre-processing operations are combined in the segmentation method to remove noise and enhance the appearance of the blood vessel in the image, and a Mixture of Gaussians is used to extract the blood vessel tree. Second, a graph cut segmentation approach is introduced, which incorporates the mechanism of vectors flux into the graph formulation to allow for the segmentation of very narrow blood vessels. Third, the optic disc segmentation is performed using two alternative methods: the Markov random field image reconstruction approach detects the optic disc by removing the blood vessels from the optic disc area, and the graph cut with compensation factor method achieves that using prior information of the blood vessels. Fourth, the boundaries of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) are detected by adapting a graph cut segmentation technique that includes a kernel-induced space and a continuous multiplier based max-flow algorithm. The strong experimental results of our retinal blood vessel segmentation methods including Mixture of Gaussian, Graph Cut achieved an average accuracy of 94:33%, 94:27% respectively. Our optic disc segmentation methods including Markov Random Field and Compensation Factor also achieved an average sensitivity of 92:85% and 85:70% respectively. These results obtained on several public datasets and compared with existing methods have shown that our proposed methods are robust and efficient in the segmenting retinal structures such the blood vessels and the optic disc.
Supervisor: Li, Y.; Liu, X. Sponsor: Brunel University London
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Segmentation ; Mixture gaussian ; Graph cut ; Optic disc ; Retinal blood vessels