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Title: British policy towards Transcaucasia, 1917-1921
Author: Çaĝlayan, Kaya Tuncer
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1997
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This thesis attempts to analyze British policy towards Transcaucasia in the period of 1917 to 1921. It firstly deals with the impact of the Russian Revolution on Britain and her Allies in general and on the Russian Caucasian front in particular. Secondly, it tries to assess the value of Caucasia, militarily and economically, for the Central Powers as well as the Entente Powers. It, furthermore, endeavours to analyze the involvement of Germany and Turkey in the Caucasus. Thirdly, it searches for counter measures taken by Great Britain to overcome a perceived danger from Germany and Turkey for her Eastern Empire through Transcaucasia. Then the thesis undertakes to study British policy at the end of war in Caucasia which now came under British military occupation. It moves on to investigate British policy in Caucasia in the face of the Russian question dominated by a civil war between the Bolsheviks and anti-Bolshevik forces supported largely by Britain and her Allies in the postwar period. It, moreover, examines the reasons for British withdrawal and Britain's efforts to find some other country to replace her authority in the region for the sake of maintaining general order. Finally, the thesis studies the Bolshevik threat in Caucasia and its impact on Britain in recognizing Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia as de facto Republics, and the causes of her failure to support these Republics against Bolshevik invasion. The thesis then concludes that Britain was in a unique position to shape the future fate of the Caucasian Republics but her problems at home and in more vital parts of her Empire as well as a general unwillingness to become involved in future conflicts with a future renewed Russia prevented her from taking any decisive action in the region.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available