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Title: The influence of early work experiences undertaken before leaving second level education on the socio-economic outcomes of school leavers in the Republic of Ireland
Author: Byrne, Delma V.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2008
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Young people increasingly engage in work opportunities while still in second level education, and these ‘early work experiences’ can be acquired through part time job holdings or as school organised work experiences as part of a wider programme of studies. This dissertation examines the characteristics of a representative sample of second level education school leavers who participate (or not) in early work experiences in terms of gender, and an array of socio-economic family and parental background factors as well as a measure of socio-economic disadvantage in the area in which they live. The influence of early work experiences on socio-economic outcomes relating to participation in further/higher education and participation in the labour market are then examined. Two main approaches are considered: human capital and social capital. The first approach emphasises the role of early work experiences as a source of human capital that adds to the productivity of young people and which would be recognised in the labour market. The second approach emphasises the role of factors such as family background, school type attended and regional both in determining participation in and outcomes of early work experiences. Based on this theoretical framework, a number of hypotheses are tested. The dominant statistical methodologies used to analyse the data from the 2003 School Leaver Survey were formations of generalised linear models. The results indicate that both human and social capital approaches are useful for examining the influence of early work experience on later outcomes, but that selection into these types of early work experience have the greatest influence on socio-economic outcomes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available