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Title: Branching transactions : a transaction model for parallel database systems
Author: Burger, Albert G.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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In order to exploit parallel computers, database management systems must achieve a high level of concurrency when executing transactions. In a high contention environment, however, concurrency is severely limited due to transaction blocking, and the utilisation of parallel hardware resources, e.g. multiple CPUs, can be low. In this dissertation, a new transaction model, Branching Transactions, is proposed. Under branching transactions, more than one possible path of execution of a transaction is followed up in parallel, which allows us to avoid unnecessary transaction blockings and restarts. This approach uses additional hardware resources, mainly CPU - which would otherwise sit idle due to data contention - to improve transaction response time and throughput. A new transaction model has implications for many transaction processing algorithms, in particular concurrency control. A family of locking algorithms, based on multi-version two-phase locking, has been developed for branching transactions, including an algorithm which can dynamically switch between branching and non-branching modes. The issues of deadlock handling and recovery are also considered. The correctness of all new concurrency control algorithms is proved by extending traditional serializability theory so that it is able to cope with the notion of a branching transaction. Architectural descriptions of branching transaction systems for shared-memory parallel data-bases and hybrid shared-disk/shared-memory systems are discussed. In particular, the problem of cache coherence is addressed. The performance of branching transactions in a shared-memory parallel database system has been investigated, using discrete-event simulation. One field which may potentially benefit greatly from branching transactions is that of so-called "real-time" database systems, in which transactions have execution deadlines. A new real-time concurrency control algorithm based on branching transactions is introduced.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available