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Title: Transference : an empirical investigation across a range of cognitive-behavioural and psychodynamic therapies
Author: Beach, Keith
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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Transference and the focus of therapists' interventions were empirically investigated across a range of cognitive-behavioural and psychodynamic therapies. A conceptual analysis of transference definitions identified eight key components which were then utilised to construct an instrument for coding patient and therapist statements. The instrument showed good reliability in a pilot study which coded 40 verbatim transcriptions of therapy sessions drawn equally from each of two cognitive-behavioural therapies (cognitive-behaviour and cognitive) and two psychodynamic therapies (conversational and focal psychodynamic). The main study coded 88 therapy sessions drawn from six psychological therapies: the four therapies investigated in the pilot study and a further cognitive-behavioural therapy (behaviour) and a further psychodynamic therapy (psychoanalysis). It also investigated more broadly the focus of therapists'' in-session interventions, and patients' negative commentary about therapists and therapy and therapists' response to it. The results showed that transference references were not unique to psychodynamci therapies but occurred in cognitive-behavioural therapies too. However the frequency of these references were significantly lower in cognitive-behavioural therapies, and the structure and process of psychodynamci therapies were considered to encourage, as they are designed to, the expression and exploration of transference. Therapists in psychodynamic therapies made more references to transference components and more statements linking these components together. They also responded more fully to patients' references about the therapists and explored the patient-therapist relationship more. By contrast, patients' explicit references to current feelings and thoughts about the therapists were little addressed by cognitive-behavioural therapists. Furthermore, negative feelings about the therapy and the therapist were responded to restrictively whereas in psychodynamic therapies their exploration was facilitated.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available