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Title: Saudi-Yemeni territorial sovereignty disputes over 'Asir, Jizan, Najran and the Rub' Al-Khali desert frontier : legal analysis of some aspects of former claims and the final settlement under the 2000 Treaty of Jeddah
Author: Al-Madani, W. H. O.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis is concerned with the former disputes between Saudi Arabia and Yemen over title to the territories of ‘Asir, Jizan, Najran and the Rub’ Al-Khali Desert frontier. Although the disputes were settled by the 2000 Treaty of Jeddah, it was possible right until the conclusion of that agreement that one of the disputing states could have submitted the disputes to arbitration, in which case the legal claims made by each state would have been highly significant. The first phase of the analysis is to identify the nature of claims: were they title or boundary claims or a combination of the two? The analysis shows that the two states asserted claims of both a title and a boundary nature, although the focus of this thesis is primarily on the title claims. The second legal phase of the analysis will concentrate on claims related to the two treaties that were pertinent to the disputes: the 1914 Anglo-Turkish Convention and the 1934 Treaty of Taif. The first treaty arguably delimited a boundary line, the ‘Violet Line’, located in the Rub’ Al-Khali Desert. However, this purported delimitation was the subject of a series of claims and counter-claims between Saudi Arabia and Britain from 1934, until southern Yemen’s independence in 1967, which put into doubt the continuing validity of the delimitation. The second relevant treaty was the 1934 Treaty of Taif, concluded by Saudi Arabia and northern Yemen following a short war, the two states having failed to settle title claims to ‘Asir, Jizan and Najran through negotiations. Under the 1934 Treaty, Yemen renounced former title claims to these provinces. She also agreed with Saudi Arabia on a boundary line. However, from the mid-late 1970s, Yemen resumed its former title claims on various grounds, including the invalidity or termination of the 1934 Treaty. The third phase of the analysis considers various arguments based on title acquisition/loss modes recognised by international law, such as cession, conquest, and prescription. Finally, the settlement in the 2000 Treaty of Jeddah is examined.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available