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Title: A comparative study of industrial relations in Iraq, Egypt and Syria
Author: Al-Kassab, Khalil Ibrahim Mohammed
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1977
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This thesis in based on a historical study investigating and comparing the development of industrial relations in Iraq, Egypt and Syria. These particular countries were chosen because they share similar historical and cultural backgrounds and because they have undergone similar political, economic and social changes. At the beginning of the period of this study, they were all under foreign control, then they were governed by nomi-feudal-semi-capitalist regimen "traditional systems" and at present by nationalist regimen. The evidence suggests that industrial relations in the three countries are the product of political changes and of the socio-economic environment in which they developed. The industrial relations during the foreign administrations in the three countries emerged and developed in accordance with the policies of the foreign administrators. Although their economic policies were an important factor in the emergence of the industrial labour force and subsequently the emergence of organised labour, they paid little attention to labour legislation or to improvements in the sooial conditions of workers. Under the traditional systems the general policy which was adopted was biased towards employers. The monarchist regime in Iraq discouraged labour organisations and severely restricted their activities. Trade unions were encouraged under the monarchy in Egypt, but their activities were restricted, and employers resisted rocognising them. In Syria, semi-constitutional management labour relations were maintained in which the dominance of employers was kept intact. The nationalist regimen in the three countries adopted a socialist ideology and increased their intervention in industrial relations. They favoured labour and encouraged trade unionism, introduced comprehensive labour legislation and played a major role in establishing industrial relations rules. Under these regimen, the influence of private employers in dominating industrial relations practices has been greatly diminished while that of the management of the public sector has been strengthened.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available