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Title: Elementary education and Welsh society, 1870-1902
Author: Smith, R. V.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1995
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This work considers the issue of Elementary Education in Welsh society from the passing of the Forster Education Act in 1870 to the Balfour Act of 1902. The debate that occurred in Wales during the passage of the Bill is considered, with particular reference to the views of the nonconformist denominations and Liberal politicians. The response to the Act was further illustrated by the referenda that took place to determine whether or not School Boards should be established in Welsh parishes, referenda that resulted in a complex pattern emerging throughout Wales in which economic and personal considerations often conflicted with party or denominational loyalties. These conflicts were further in evidence in those occurrences when elementary education emerged as an issue in the local politics of Wales, considerable tensions emerging between the need to provide an education system and, on the other hand, limit expenditure and rate demands. The educational improvements that took place during this period are studied as well as the continuing prevalence of conservatism in teaching methods and a lack of resources. The changing attitude towards the Welsh language is examined, particularly the developing rift between the views of enlightened opinion and education policy makers on the one hand, and the attitudes of parents, teachers and members of local authorities on the other. The arguments over religious instruction are explained, particularly those between the advocates of secular education and those calling for the provision of a non-denominational form of religious instruction.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available