Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Optical and dielectric properties of polymer dispersed liquid crystals
Author: Shinton, S. E.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1995
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystals (PDLCs) are attracting considerable attention for new optical displays. This thesis describes the synthesis of PDLC materials, fabrication of cells and study of their optical and dielectric behaviour. This work includes two areas of research. Predominantly it is an investigation of the properties of PDLCs prepared using Polymerisation Phase Separation (PIPS) by UV irradiation of mutually soluble liquid crystal (LC) and pre-polymer materials, developed for use in PDLC systems. A limited study of liquid crystal gels completes the thesis. We demonstrate that the electro-optical response of a PDLC is due to alignment of the LC phase, illustrated by comparison of the dielectric behaviour of the PDLC and LC in an aligning field. It is evident from this work that there is solubility of the LC component in the polymer that forms the continuous phase. Therefore, only at higher concentrations of the LC component (above 30%) will the PDLC be formed, and in such materials, the continuous phase contains dissolved LC material. Variation of experimental conditions under which samples are prepared, by changing the composition, temperature of cure and the presence of aligning fields, leads to modifications in the structure and properties of PDLCs, which are investigated. Techniques to study the dielectric, electro-optic and optical properties have been applied to the range of samples prepared. Such studies give information on the alignment of the LC phase in a PDLC in directing electric fields. It is demonstrated that dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) provides direct information on the macroscopic orientation and voltage induced changes in the alignment of gels produced in the presence and absence of electric fields. Our studies show that DRS, in combination with optical techniques, provides a powerful means for studying the alignment of LC molecules in PDLCs and gels.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available