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Title: Labour productivity in Egyptian industry, 1965-1975
Author: Sharaf El-Din, H. A.-F. M.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1982
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This thesis analyses changes in labour productivity in Egyptian industry during 1965-1975. For this purpose, the individual performance of companies in the industry constitutes the basic evidence of the trends in productivity changes and the causes that lie behind those changes. However, productivity changes in industry at macro-level have also been investigated in order to test the correspondence with the results achieved at the micro-level. This macro-level investigation suggests further causes of productivity change. The setting of the thesis is the performance of the Egyptian industry in the period after the 1952 revolution. The basic changes in industrial development and the labour movement since the early industrialization of Mohammed Ali have been surveyed in order to show the problems associated with unemployment, rural migration, working-class movements - which affected the pattern of growth during the 1950's and 1960's - originated in the pre-revolutionary period. Using specified concepts, definitions, and measurements of productivity, different sectors of the Egyptian industry are analysed. The analyses demonstrate that labour, capital, and total factor productivity indices were declining during the period 1965-1975. The causes of such decline were found in rural migration during the 1950's and 1960's; small-scale industrial structure in the pre-revolution period; education policies and government commitment to employ all school-leavers, and the adverse effect on productivity of the political situation. Labour leglislation from 1961 is examined in some detail, and it is established that such legislation was the main adverse factor influencing labour productivity during the reference period. In order to bring together the adverse effect of labour legislation on intra-firm industrial relationships and the subsequent effect on labour productivity, different industrial sections were investigated. It is shown that industrial relations within the relevant industrial sections were deteriorating, largely due to labour leglislation. The main analytical tool used in this thesis is a primary data, collected directly from original sources, then refined, classified, and processed to suit our specific type of analysis. Without such detailed and dependable data, it would be impracticable to examine the relationship between labour legislation and labour performance in the industrial field, or to define in such a methodical way the changes in factor inputs and output and the consequent effects on labour productivity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available