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Title: Macro economic policy and micro effects in Chile 1973-1996
Author: Scott, I. M.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1999
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This thesis sets out to examine the relationship between macro economic policies in Chile and their consequences at the micro (local) level. The time period under examination covers the 1973-90 military dictatorship period, the 1990-93 transitional government of Patricio Aylwin and the current Christian Democratic government of Eduardo Frei. The research carried out between 1990 and 1997 looks at three case studies from distinct sectors with the objective of examining micro economic changes which occurred under each set of macro policies. First of all a study of the forestry sector examines how natural resources were affected by the pure neo-liberal economic model adopted by the military government. Secondly, a study of apple juice production in the IX region analyses the socio-economic consequences of attempts to integrate small producers into the agro-industrial chain as a result of the economic policy changes undertaken during Chile's first transitional period. Thirdly, a participatory project in the Concepcion metropolitan area is examined, to see to what extent the Frei government has been successful in achieving its aims of decentralising planning functions and incorporating local people into the decision making process. The central hypothesis of the study is that there is a direct link between macro economic policy and micro effects, and that the free market neo-liberal model in its pure form is incapable of meeting the challenge of sustainable development. We conclude that rather than merely modifying the existing free market model, with punitive social and environmental measures, a structural transformation may be necessary. A fundamental prerequisite for this change based on case study experience would appear to be the successful incorporation of local knowledge and experiences into the planning process.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available