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Title: An assessment of Contraband Trade and capital between India and Sri Lanka
Author: Sarvananthan, M.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1999
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Contraband Trade can be defined as illicit trade between any two countries. For the purposes of this study Contraband Trade is divided into 'Technical Contraband Trade' (TCT) and 'Physical Contraband Trade' (PCT). TCT is defined as false invoicing of international trade, i.e. under-/over-invoicing of exports/imports. PCT is defined as complete unrecording of international trade. Thus TCT is partial evasion of tariffs and PCT is total evasion of tariffs. This is a quantitative and qualitative assessment of Indo-Sri Lanka Contraband Trade and Capital. The central research questions of this study are; (i) What is the extent of two-way Contraband Trade between India and Sri Lanka? (ii) What are the modi operandi of Indo-Sri Lanka Contraband Trade? (iii) What are the causes of Indo- Sri Lanka Contraband Trade? (iv) What are the effects of Indo-Sri Lanka Contraband Trade? (v) What are the policy options that can be derived from the causes and effects? TCT is detected at the partner-country data comparison method. This is an exercise in statistical detection of Contraband Trade. PCT is detected by the market price comparison method. Further, air passenger traffic data between India and Sri Lanka is used to estimate the total number of Contraband traders and the value of Contraband carried by air and sea are estimated by an interviewing method. By these methods the total value of two-way PCT between India and Sri Lanka is estimated. A study of Narcotic Drug (Heroin) Contraband Trade is undertaken using official data which is a one-way traffic from India to Sri Lanka. Further, a qualitative study of Corruption and Law Enforcement in Contraband Trade in Sri Lanka is undertaken using anecdotal evidence. Having established the quantitative and qualitative significance of Indo-Sri Lanka Contraband Trade the causes of such illegal trade are investigated employing an interviewing method. Next, the effects of Contraband Trade are studied applying the existing theories of economic welfare effects of Contraband Trade. Finally, from the causes and effects some policies to regularise or decriminalise Indo-Sri Lanka Contraband Trade are prescribed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available