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Title: The geography of Augustinian settlement in medieval England and Wales
Author: Robinson, D. M.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1978
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This thesis examines some aspects of Augustinian settlement in medieval England and Wales. It begins with an analysis of the distribution pattern of some 200 foundations from the origins of the order in England, soon after 1100, until the Dissolution of 1535. In the light of political, social, religious and physical factors it attempts to explain why certain areas were more conducive to Augustinian settlement than others. In addition some explanation is sought for the high proportion of houses which either changed site or met their demise completely before 1535. These aspects of distribution are followed by an account of the size and income of houses studied through three parameters: assessed wealth, the dimensions of monastic buildings and the number of brethren supported at each establishment. The greatest detail comes from wealth and the study has involved extensive use of the two major ecclesiastical tax assessments of the Middle Ages: the Pope Nicholas Taxation and the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535. The subsequent sections of the thesis study the spiritual and temporal components of the Augustinian economy. Beginning with spiritualities the background to involvement in the ownership of appropriated churches is considered in detail. Similarly, there is an attempt to elucidate the many ways by which the canons acquired lands and other 'temporalities'. The extent and distribution of spiritualities and temporalities are examined both regionally and in relation to individual houses. There is also a consideration of the degree to which the distributions of both forms of moons coincide. The study concludes with an account of Augustinian urban property and the activities of the canons in trade. Throughout the thesis, where it has proved practical, general observations have been confirned or dispelled through statistical analysis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available