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Title: Changes in the economic and social structure of Soviet Azerbaijan, 1970-1990
Author: Martin, R. J.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1994
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In 1969 Azerbaijan's political and industrial leaders were spurred by poor economic results into renewed efforts to increase output from the key sectors and to modernize the economy. Despite huge investments, little progress was made. The key policy of political/administrative prioritization of selected sectors failed. In 1990 by comparison with 1970, Azerbaijan's economy required significantly larger additional inputs to achieve an output increase. This phenomenon was particularly striking in petroleum extraction and refining, the related engineering sector and agriculture. Despite infusions of resources, the oil industry's output in 1990 was lower than in 1970 and its range of equipment remained generally outmoded. In engineering, plant and output were substantially the same in 1990 as in 1970; continuing poor product quality and reliability affected Azerbaijan's petroleum industry, and also West Siberia. Refining became less efficient in its use of resources and crude inputs. New, more modern capacity notwithstanding, industry reports in the late 1980s bemoaned the dangerous state of Baku's refineries. In agriculture the collectivized and private sectors were inextricably linked. The former was the source of cheap inputs for the latter, which in turn provided the bulk of crops like vegetables and meat products. These two sectors were mutually sustaining. Reforms took place, such as the amalgamation of some smaller state and collective farms. Both, however, remained highly labour intensive, and became more resource-intensive. The tensions which emerged between Azerbaijanis and Armenians were not expressed before the late 1980s. In fact, analysis of bilingualism suggests that ethnic integration was the norm, even in rural areas, despite the fragmentary effects of agricultural patterns. Political factors arising from the Soviet Union's collapse were important in shaping the conflict. The current conflict bears only a superficial resemblance to that of 1900-24, whose causes were specific to the period.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available