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Title: The roles and functions of amphibious forces in the nuclear age
Author: Lee, P.-K.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2006
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This thesis tests the conditioning factors of amphibious force buildup using a total of 6 variables at two levels: (1) general variables; international / regional security environments and maritime dominion, (2) specific independents variables selected from the US national strategic directives; national interests / foreign policy, military strategy / policy and maritime strategy / policy. These variables are employed in order to explain how they affected the rise and fall of the two cases, and they provide the background of what kinds of roles and functions they demanded from the amphibious forces. On the bases of these explanations, this thesis sets out how the two amphibious forces contributed to obtaining their countries’ foreign policy objectives throughout three periods: until the end of the Vietnam War, until the end of the Cold War, and in the post-Cold War era. With time and the transitions of the general and specific independent variables, the roles and functions of amphibious forces were enormously changed. For example, the USMC moved from being a means of deterrence against Soviet expansionism during the cold War, to a trouble-shooter reacting to any kinds of international and regional conflicts in the post-cold War era. In the final chapter, the thesis evaluates the relationship between the examined variables and their effects on the rise and fall of amphibious forces after summarizing the worth of amphibious forces derived from their possession while waging a war. Even though there are some additional factors influencing the amphibious forces buildup, the direction of a national strategy has already included all environmental and constraining factors in the development of a policy decision-making system. Moreover, with the development of international and regional organisations, a state’s military forces buildup cannot help considering the others’ trends, particularly those of a potential enemy or alliance. Consequently, the decision for a state to build up its amphibious force mainly depends on the relevant state’s geo-strategic condition, i.e., a necessity to project military power across the sea.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available