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Title: Separation and identification of RA2000 photographic developing solution components using LC, LC-MS and LC-MS-MS techniques
Author: Knight, S. J.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1997
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The analysis of photographic developing solutions presents an interesting and challenging problem for the analytical chemist. The developing agents themselves contain a wide range of components of various different chemistries, both inorganic and organic components are present at a wide range of concentrations. The developing agents as well has having a complex chemistry of their own, on use, are further complicated by the formation of products which can further affect the developing solutions performance. This work uses a variety of chromatographic and mass spectrometric techniques to examine a range of compounds present in the black and white Kodak developer RA2000. Emphasis is given to the application of these techniques to solving the analytical problem. The first chapter gives a theoretical introduction to mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography, with a discussion on the general principles in interfacing the two techniques. Chapter two gives a theoretical introduction to photography as well as an in depth discussion of developing solutions, specifically the RA2000 black and white developing solution. Analysis of RA2000 by liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis is also described. Chapter three provides an in depth discussion of solid phase extraction techniques as an alternative sample preparation method to liquid / liquid solvent extraction. Analysis of RA2000 by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography was carried out in an attempt to concentrate the components formed after use, as well as to try and separate out the heavily concentrated compounds. Chapter four describes the analysis of RA2000 by liquid chromatography-thermospray-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-particle beam-mass spectrometry. An in depth discussion of both techniques is given. A column switching arrangement was used to allow analysis of the lower concentration components.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available