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Title: Camus's narrative strategies in L'Exil et le royaume
Author: Howells, V.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1994
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L'Exil et le royaume has been seen as a marginal work undertaken in preparation for another novel. However, the nouvelle makes specific demands, which I examine in Chapter 1, and use as a basis for analysis of Camus's narrative strategies in the stories, to argue that the nouvelles are richer, more personal, more complex, and better crafted than has previously been acknowledged. In Chapter 2, I argue that Camus's third-person narrative in 'La Femme adultée' filters all information through the consciousness of the female protagonist. Temporal effects, sense impressions and style indirect libre remove obstacles to the reader's participation, and lyrical language conveys an otherwise inexpressible experience. In Chapter 3, I argue that autobiographical material dispels some of the mystery of 'Le Renéat'. Imprisoning the reader in the protagonist's mind, the dialogic first-person narrative creates tension and, supported by the temporal structure, repeatedly draws the reader back to an anguished present. Chapter 4 shows Camus exploring the consciousness of an inarticulate worker to treat the theme 'solidaire/solitaire'. Using images of light, liquid, and enclosure, he moves beyond the particular to a universal view of solidarity. The problem is pursued in Chapter 5 ('L'H^ote') where focalization, dialogue and paralinguistic elements mark the difficulty of cross-cultural communication. Camus's exploration of universal solidarity goes beyond conflicting loyalties to probe questions of responsibility. Chapter 6 discusses Camus's use of the conte. Ironic and humorous, the conte proves inadequate to promote sympathy for the artist/writer. Camus therefore changes tack, attenuating the irony and providing greater emotional impact. Chapter 7 shows Camus drawing together the themes of preceding stories in a positive conclusion. Imagery developed from La Chute suggests that commitment and solidarity provide access to the 'kingdom'. However, I argue that the subtext poses problems which are never satisfactorily resolved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available