Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Reactivity and mechanistic studies of small molecules at model metal oxide surfaces : underpinning PuO2 safe storage
Author: Hicks, Mark
ISNI:       0000 0004 5360 1045
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The nuclear fuel cycle represents the nuclear power generation process, from mining the uranium ore to the treatment of waste. The fuel cycle is divided into two parts, the front end of the process and the back end of the process, with the nuclear power station being in the middle1. The processes before reaching the nuclear power station consist of uranium exploration, mining, refining, isotope enriching and fuel element fabrication1. Uranium is mined in twenty countries, but 52% of the world supply of uranium comes from just 6 countries. These countries are Canada, Australia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Namibia and Niger. Uranium is mined in several different types of mine. These include an open pit mine, an underground mine or in-situ leaching mine. In an open pit mine the ore lies close to the surface and the overlying layer of rock is removed creating a large pit where the ore is easily extractable. An underground mine is used when the ore lies deeper under the surface and the construction of access shafts and tunnels under the ground are needed to gain access to the uranium ore. The uranium ore is sometimes contained in ground water or a porous material, such as sand. In this case, a process called in-situ leaching is used to extract the uranium ore. Either acid or alkali (depending on the nature of the groundwater) is added to the ground water to dissolve the ore, and the resulting solution is pumped out. The ore then undergoes a milling process to extract the uranium oxides needed for fuel fabrication. Milling is normally carried out close to the mine where the ore has been extracted. The ore is crushed and then leached with sulphuric acid in order to dissolve the uranium oxides.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QD Chemistry