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Title: The dynamics of catalytic steam reforming
Author: El-Bousiffi, M. A.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1998
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This thesis describes a study of catalysed steam methane reforming. A microreactor of 3 mm bore, operated and controlled by computer has been used. The catalyst employed was an industrial type steam reforming nickel oxide-alumina catalyst containing 15% nickel. The experiments were performed at temperatures of industrial interest in the range of 600-840°C. The pressure range was 2.5-9 bar, at hydrogen to methane ratios of 0.5-2 and steam to methane ratios of 2-3.1. The catalyst was initially activated at 700°C in a flow of steam and hydrogen (7:1) for 16 hours. Initially, the activity of the catalyst was very high then after 16 hours of operation it started to decline to reach its lowest level after 60 hours of operation despite reactivation. Subsequent activation methods including hydrogen reduction and temperature treatment were found to have dynamic effects on catalyst activity. An important improvement in the activity of the catalyst at lower temperature was established by incorporating a dynamic sequence of temperature changes that included some experiments at temperatures within the range 750-850°C. The dynamics of several such experiments were measured and recorded. The improvement in activity at lower temperature following a high temperature experiments gradually declined at a rate that was much slower than the dynamics of mass transfer and heat transfer in the system. The experimental results were used to examine a dual reaction mechanism for the reforming process. The reaction velocity coefficients established by non-linear parameter estimation were studied as function of temperature, pressure and composition.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available