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Title: A study of job satisfaction and work values of university teachers in United Kingdom and Malaysia
Author: Zainal, A. B. H. J.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1994
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First, this study aims to examine work values and job satisfaction of United Kingdom and Malaysian academics in research, teaching, and administration aspects. Second to test Locke's theory of job satisfaction on moderating effects of facets importance. Third to carry out cross-national and cross-cultural comparisons. Fourth to examine moderating effects of demographic variables on the relationship between facets satisfaction and overall job satisfaction. Lastly is to examine Herzberg's two-factor theory. Academics from a university each in UK (n = 278, 90.85%) and Malaysia (n = 208, 82.59%) took part in this study by responding to a self-constructed questionnaire. A back-translated questionnaire was used in Malaysia. A high level of reliability coefficients was yielded by the English (alpha = 0.85) and the Malay (alpha = 0.88) versions of the questionnaire. UK and Malaysian academics perceived most of the job facets as important, and many of these facets are perceived as more important by Malaysian than UK academics. UK academics are more satisfied with many of these job facets and overall job satisfaction than their Malaysian counterparts. Most of these differences, however, are in the same direction. Results of both two-way ANOVA and moderated regression analyses reveal that there are no major moderating effect of facets importance on the facets satisfaction - overall job satisfaction relationship. Thus, facet importance does not play as a moderator variable. However, Locke's argument on facets importance redundancy seems to be supported. On the other hand, results of the present study do not support Herzberg's Two-Factor theory. Also, these results indicate that there are more situational factors than cultural differences effects on overall job satisfaction. The moderating effects of the five demographic variables on facets satisfaction and overall job satisfaction for UK and Malaysian academics are either absent or very limited.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available