Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.636606
Title: Alcohol use and abuse : the role of escape drinking
Author: Williams, A. E.
Awarding Body: University of Wales Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1998
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Abstract:
The Social Learning Theory approach to alcohol use and misuse sees negative reinforcement ('escape') drinking as a habitual, maladaptive coping response adopted by individuals who hold characteristic alcohol expectancies coupled with deficiencies in more adaptive coping skills. This approach has had a considerable influence in the treatment field but only one comprehensive empirical test of its validity exists (Cooper et al. 1998; 1992). The present thesis set out to validate theory and extend the findings of Cooper et al., using a combination of questionnaire and experimental studies. Initial questionnaire studies largely confirmed the findings of Cooper et al., although there were some differences. positive relationships between escape drinking variables such as binge drinking and short alcohol dependence data (SADD) scores arose consistently, with negative expectancies and stress responsivity playing indirect roles. General coping strategies played little part in the prediction of escape drinking. Gender differences, and patterns in non-student populations, were also examined. A series of laboratory experiments was carried out to complement these questionnaire findings, by examining differences between escape drinkers and non-escape drinkers. Initial findings indicated no differences between the two groups as regards the subjective effects of alcohol or physiological cue reactivity to alcohol-paired stimuli. Possible methodological problems which may have influenced the results of these studies are discussed. It was considered that stress might be a necessary factor for the differences between the two groups to emerge. For the final experiment, a negative mood induction procedure was developed. Following this procedure, which had a highly significant impact on subject's mood, marked differences between the groups were observed. Desires for alcohol increased significantly in escape drinkers, but not in non-escape drinkers, and escape drinkers were willing to work for significantly longer at an operant task in order to earn a larger alcohol reward.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.636606  DOI: Not available
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