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Title: The excitation of acoustic resonances in an axial flow compressor stage by vortex shedding from aerofoil section blading
Author: Carr, M. I.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1986
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In recent years continuing development of the axial flow compressor for use in the aero-engine has increased its susceptibility to unsteady flow phenomena which can cause severe blade vibration. A source which has emerged and become of considerable importance is excitation by acoustic resonances. An experimental investigation in a single stage axial flow compressor rig has been performed to ascertain whether acoustic resonances can be excited by vortex shedding from loaded aerofoil section blades. A further experimental programme, to study further the effect of inter-row spacing, was peformed in both an open jet facility and a wind tunnel facility with a tandem plate arrangement. Results showed that acoustic resonances could be excited in a compressor stage in which there was severe blade loading. The speed range over which the resonances were excited was demonstrated to be not only a function of the degree of loading but also the inter-row spacing. Vortex shedding will drive a resonance when the shedding is correlated by the resonant acoustic field and interaction between the vortices and the acoustic field in the vicinity of the blades may result in a net positive input of acoustic energy. As a result the phase of the acoustic field as vortices pass over the trailing edge of the shedding blades and the leading and trailing edges of the downstream blades, control the energy generation. The inter-row spacing controls the phase of the downstream blade interaction and therefore is a major factor influencing the resonant acoustic amplitude. As well as the fundamental acoustic mode, a resonance can also drive significant blade vibration in two other consequential frequency bands which are: a) Sum and Difference frequency bands due to acoustic non-linearity and b) Sidebands of the fundamental modes due to spatial modulation effects caused by flow distortions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available