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Title: Heterogeneous semiconductor UV-photocatalysis for water purification
Author: Belghazi, A.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1995
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As traditional disinfection techniques have proved to be inefficient in coping with toxic pollutants, there is a real need to create and develop alternatives such as Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOP's). As one of the most promising AOP's developed to date, heterogeneous semiconductor UV-photocatalysis has been shown to efficiently mineralise and inactivate a wide range of organic, inorganic and biological pollutants. This technique is based on the powerful redox properties of UV-illuminated semiconductors. The photocatalyst (semiconductor), which is insoluble in water, can be used in the form of a dispersion or as a thin coated film over which the pollutant can flow and interact in the liquid as well as in the gas phase. Although many pollutants have been studied, the development of more powerful analytical tools has meant that trace levels of water pollutants such as bromate, a potential carcinogenic by-product of the ozonation process and their destruction needs to be addressed. Chapters Three, Four and Five investigate the development and use of an analytical method for monitoring trace levels of bromate (ppb level or μ, in studies involving the use of Granular Activated Carbon (or GAC) and platinised TiO2 (Pt-TiO2) UV-photocatalysis for the removal of this inorganic pollutant. In Chapter Six, a study of TiO2 photocatalysed oxidation of urea-based pesticides is given. Chapter Seven investigates two photoreactor designs for use in flow systems with larger volumes of pollutant which is required if the system is to be commercially viable. These flow photoreactors use thin immobilised films of TiO2 over which the pollutant can flow. Finally, using the flow photoreactor designs studied in Chapter Seven, Chapter Eight presents a study of the photocatalysed oxidation of volatile organic pollutants (or VOC's) in the gas phase.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available