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Title: A study of the cloze procedure in English foreign language testing with special reference to the development and application of levels of acceptability within a marking scheme
Author: Abderrahim, F.
Awarding Body: University College of Swansea
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 1987
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The cloze procedure, a procedure whereby you delete words and replace them by blanks to be filled in by the students, calls for skills required in reading. In the process of completing the blanks, the students concentrate on some of the elements of the sentence or of the context to find the clues for the missing word. This thesis looks at the 'linking strategies' the students use in order to produce a cloze item. Depending on which types of links are made, the words offered by the students get a mathematical weighting, a credit. A detailed 'Marking Scheme', elaborated within this study, served as a basis for the analysis of the students' answers. The analysis of the results of 166 Algerian students of English as a Foreign Language who had to answer three copies of the same cloze test did not conclusively reveal, as we have hypothesized, that the students considered 'Form' more than 'Meaning' when they were trying to fill in a blank. The other core issue to our study is the scoring of a cloze. Analysis of the results obtained by 'Exact word' scoring and by 'Acceptable' scoring confirmed our hypothesis that it is fairer to score by 'acceptable' in the context of English as a Foreign Language. The marker reliability was investigated by comparing results of marking (by 'Acceptable') by different markers, native and non-native speakers. It was found that a teacher who is a non-native speaker of English can mark a cloze by 'Acceptable' reliably. The hypothesis that early beginners cannot handle the cloze task because they have not acquired the interrelationships of the context was rejected. Early beginners were found to perform well on the cloze procedure.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available