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Title: A novel route to fluoroarenes from trifluoroethanol
Author: Wilson, Peter
Awarding Body: University of Strathclyde
Current Institution: University of Strathclyde
Date of Award: 2014
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This Thesis describes the preparation of fluoroarenes using a palladium-catalysed coupling/electrocyclisation methodology. Difluoroenolzinc coupling partners, 1-(N,N-diethylcarbamoyloxy)-2,2-difluoro-1-zinc chloride and 2,2-difluoro-1-(2'-methoxy-ethoxymethoxy)-1-zinc chloride were prepared from trifluoroethanol at near ambient temperature and underwent Negishi coupling with a range of aryl-halides. A co-solvent (N,N-dimethylpropylene urea) was necessary to generate 2,2-difluoro-1-(2'-methoxy-ethoxymethoxy)-1-zinc chloride in good yield. The zinc coupling partners were also converted to (iodo)difluoroenols which participated in Suzuki-Miyaura coupling with a range of aryl-boronic acids and potassium aryl-trifluoroborates. Side reactions of the Suzuki-Miyaura couplings were circumvented by using tertiary butanol as the reaction solvent. Low temperature preparation of trifluoroborate coupling partners, potassium 2,2-difluoro-1-(N,N-diethylcarbamoyloxy)ethenyl trifluoroborate and potassium 2,2-difluoro-1-(2'-methoxy-ethoxymethoxy)ethenyl trifluoroborate, from trifluoroethanol was also accomplished. The trifluoroborates underwent Suzuki-Miyaura coupling with a range of aryl-halides. This Suzuki-Miyaura coupling protocol was used to prepare a range of fluorinated electrocyclisation precursors in modest to good yield. Subsequent electrocyclisation afforded fluorobenzene, fluoronaphthalene and fluorophenanthrene species. The electrocyclisations were investigated computationally in an attempt to rationalise the ease/difficulty of cyclisation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available