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Title: Intelligent PID controller based on fuzzy logic control and neural network technology for indoor environment quality improvement
Author: Song, Yang
ISNI:       0000 0004 5354 2655
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2014
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The demand for better indoor environment has led to a wide use of heating, ventilating and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Employing advanced HVAC control strategies is one of the strategies to maintain high quality indoor thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ). This thesis aims to analyse and discuss the potential of using advanced control methods to improve the indoor occupants’ comfort. It focuses on the development of controllers of the major factors of indoor environment quality in buildings including indoor air temperature, indoor humidity and indoor air quality. Studies of the development of control technologies for HVAC systems are reviewed firstly. The problems in existing and future perspectives on HVAC control systems for occupants’ comfort are investigated. As both the current conventional and intelligent controllers have drawbacks that limit their applications, it is necessary to design novel control strategies for the urgent issue of indoor climate improvement. Hence, a concept of designing the controllers for indoor occupants’ comfort is proposed in this thesis. The proposed controllers in this research are designed by combining the conventional and intelligent control technologies. The purpose is to optimize the advantages of both conventional and intelligent control methods and to avoid poor control performance due to their drawbacks. The main control technologies involved in this research are fuzzy logic control (FLC), proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control and neural network (NN). Three controllers are designed by combining these technologies. Firstly, the fuzzy-PID controller is developed for improvement of indoor environment quality including temperature, humidity and indoor air quality. The control algorithm is introduced in detail in Section 3.2. The computer simulation is carried out to verify its control performance and potential of indoor comfort improvement in Section 4.1. Step signal is used as the input reference in simulation and the controller shows fast response speed since the time constant is 0.033s and settling time is 0.092s with sampling interval of 0.001s. The simulating result also proves that the fuzzy-PID controller has good control accuracy and stability since the overshot and steady state error is zero. In addition, the experimental investigation was also carried out to indicate the fuzzy-PID control performance of indoor temperature, humidity and CO2 control as introduced in Chapter 5. The experiments are taken place in an environmental chamber used to simulated the indoor space during a wide period from late fall to early spring. The results of temperature control show that the temperature is controlled to be varying around the set-point and control accuracy is 4.4%. The humidity control shows similar results that the control accuracy is 3.2%. For the IAQ control the maximum indoor concentration is kept lower than 1100ppm which is acceptable and health CO2 level although it is slightly higher than the set-point of 1000ppm. The experimental results show that the proposed fuzzy-PID controller is able to improve indoor environment quality. A radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) PID controller is designed for humidity control and a back propagation neural network (BPNN) PID controller is designed for indoor air quality control. Then, in order to further analyze the potential of using advanced control technologies to improve indoor environment quality, two more controllers are developed in this research. A radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) PID controller is designed for humidity control and a back propagation neural network (BPNN) PID controller is designed for indoor air quality control. Their control algorithms are developed and introduced in Section 3.3 and Section 3.4. Simulating tests were carried out in order to verify their control performances using Matlab in Section 4.2 and Section 4.3. The step signal is used as the input and the sampling interval is 0.001s. For RBFNN-PID controller, the time constant is 0.002s, and there is no overshot and steady state error. For BPNN-PID controller, the time constant is 0.003s, the overshot percentage is 4.2% and the steady state error is zero based on the simulating results. Simulating results show that the RBFNN-PID controller and BPNN-PID controller have fast control speed, good control accuracy and stability. The experimental investigations of the RBFNN-PID controller and BPNN-PID control are not included in this research and will carried out in future work. Based on the simulating and experimental results shown in this thesis, the indoor environment quality improvement can be guaranteed by the proposed controllers.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering ; TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery