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Title: Implementing an all-volunteer force in Sweden and Taiwan : a comparative study
Author: Yuan, Li-Chung
Awarding Body: King's College London (University of London)
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2013
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Shaped by some similar but also contrasting geostrategic and domestic political circumstances, in 2009 Sweden and Taiwan - both non-aligned - coincidentally decided to suspend conscription and shift to an all-volunteer force (AVF). Without facing an immediate military threat to its territory, Sweden aims to build a capability-based expeditionary force that is usable for both international and domestic operations. For Taiwan, while still facing the military threat from the Peoples’ Republic of China (PRC),the goal is to build a smaller but smarter AVF with an enhanced deterrence capability to defend the homeland in wartime and to conduct disaster relief operations during peacetime. Their ongoing experiences in military personnel reform present an opportunity to examine critical issues surrounding the post-decision implementation process of the AVF. This study compares and contrasts the concurrent AVF transformation in both countries by discussing their historical and strategic contexts and examining the drivers of change. The AVF implementation process is considered in terms of the strategic goals and objectives that both countries aim to achieve, how they define the metrics and criteria of their respective AVF transformation, and the factors that facilitate or impede the implementation process. The key objective of the thesis is to better understand the current status of AVF implementation in Sweden and Taiwan and to evaluate their likely chances of success. This thesis offers a contribution to the literature on the decline of mass armed forces, which hitherto has not included a European/Asian comparative analysis. Furthermore, the thesis has policy relevance to both countries, enabling them to share some lessons from each other, and to other countries considering a similar course of action.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available