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Title: Application of immersed boundary method to flexible riser problem
Author: Madani Kermani, Seyed Hossein
ISNI:       0000 0004 5346 2997
Awarding Body: Brunel University
Current Institution: Brunel University
Date of Award: 2014
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In the recent decades the Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) problem has been of great interest to many researchers and a variety of methods have been proposed for its numerical simulation. As FSI simulation is a multi-discipline and a multi-physics problem, its full simulation consists of many details and sub-procedures. On the other hand, reliable FSI simulations are required in various applications ranging from hemo-dynamics and structural engineering to aero-elasticity. In hemo-dynamics an incompressible fluid is coupled with a flexible structure with similar density (e.g. blood in arteries). In aero-elasticity a compressible fluid interacts with a stiff structure (e.g. aircraft wing) or an incompressible flow is coupled with a very light structure (e.g. Parachute or sail), whereas in some other engineering applications an incompressible flow interacts with a flexible structure with large displacement (e.g. oil risers in offshore industries). Therefore, various FSI models are employed to simulate a variety of different applications. An initial vital step to conduct an accurate FSI simulation is to perform a study of the physics of the problem which would be the main criterion on which the full FSI simulation procedure will then be based. In this thesis, interaction of an incompressible fluid flow at low Reynolds number with a flexible circular cylinder in two dimensions has been studied in detail using some of the latest published methods in the literature. The elements of procedures have been chosen in a way to allow further development to simulate the interaction of an incompressible fluid flow with a flexible oil riser with large displacement in three dimensions in future. To achieve this goal, a partitioned approach has been adopted to enable the use of existing structural codes together with an Immersed Boundary (IB) method which would allow the modelling of large displacements. A direct forcing approach, interpolation / reconstruction, type of IB is used to enforce the moving boundary condition and to create sharp interfaces with the possibility of modelling in three dimensions. This provides an advantage over the IB continuous forcing approach which creates a diffused boundary. And also is considered as a preferred method over the cut cell approach which is very complex in three dimensions with moving boundaries. Different reconstruction methods from the literature have been compared with the newly proposed method. The fluid governing equation is solved only in the fluid domain using a Cartesian grid and an Eulerian approach while the structural analysis was performed using Lagrangian methods. This method avoids the creation of secondary fluid domains inside the solid boundary which occurs in some of the IB methods. In the IB methods forces from the Eulerian flow field are transferred onto the Lagrangian marker points on the solid boundary and the displacement and velocities of the moving boundary are interpolated in the flow domain to enforce no-slip boundary conditions. Various coupling methods from the literature were selected and improved to allow modelling the interface and to transfer the data between fluid and structure. In addition, as an alternative method to simulate FSI for a single object in the fluid flow as suggested in the literature, the moving frame of reference method has been applied for the first time in this thesis to simulate Fluid-Structure interaction using an IB reconstruction approach. The flow around a cylinder in two dimensions was selected as a benchmark to validate the simulation results as there are many experimental and analytical results presented in the literature for this specific case.
Supervisor: Bahai, Hamid; Wissink, Jan Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Interpolation/reconsruction method ; Fluid structure interaction ; Vortex induced vibration