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Title: Characterisation of putative dendritic cell markers in salmonids and modulation of gene expression following stimulation with interleukin-4/13
Author: Johansson, Petronella
ISNI:       0000 0004 5365 3523
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2014
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Dendritic cells (DCs) are leukocytes specialized in antigen presentation. As competent stimulators of naive T lymphocytes, they link the innate and adaptive immune responses of vertebrates. The RAG-mediated adaptive immune system appeared approximately 500 million years ago in jawed fish and a number of studies suggest that DCs exist in bony and cartilaginous fish. However, the exact role of DCs in the fish immune system is not determined and questions remain as to whether a cell type truly homologous to DCs in homeotherms does exist. My project aimed to identify potential DCs surface markers (CD209A and LAMP3) in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) leukocytes for evaluation of the expression patterns by qRT-PCR under different conditions and stimuli, in vitro and in vivo. Another goal was to validate and evaluate the specificity of a produced anti-trout CD209A polyclonal antibody to further characterise antigen presenting cells (APCs) in fish. The methodology was to look for up-regulation of the predicted markers together with other markers known to be expressed by DCs in mammals and to evaluate at the mRNA and protein expression level after in vitro stimulation of trout primary leukocytes with trout rIL-4/13. Trout CD209A and LAMP3 mRNA was expressed in the main lymphoid organs of fish and could be modulated with microbial mimics. Upon in vitro stimulation of trout primary leukocytes with trout rIL-4/13, trout CD209A mRNA expression was up-regulated together with both CD83 and the MHC class II chain known to be expressed by mammalian DCs. In addition, CD209A protein expression was highly induced by trout rIL-4/13. Taken together, these results suggests that the characterisation of DCs in trout with tools such as transcript evaluation of surface markers and the anti-trout CD209A antibody, could help to more precisely define these leukocyte subsets. These findings could have further impact on fish vaccine improvements and be of importance for the aquaculture industry, by optimising stimulation of adaptive immunity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Marine Alliance for Science and Technology for Scotland ; University of Aberdeen
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Dendritic cells ; Salmonidae ; Genetic regulation