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Title: An investigation of OEE and development of the improved measures of performance OEE+ and ORE for manufacturing process management
Author: Garza Reyes, Jose Arturo
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2008
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This research is focused on manufacturing performance measurement systems in general and, particularly, Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) and Process Capability Analysis (PCA). Two improved approaches, namely: Overall Equipment Effectiveness Plus (OEE+) and Overall Resource Effectiveness (ORE), are proposed, developed and evaluated. Also, the relationship between the overall effectiveness of a machine or process and its capability is investigated. ' OEE provides, according to many authors and practitioners, an effective and appropriate quantitative measure of the overall performance of a machine or process. OEE is defined based on the time-based elements of Availability (~), Performance (P) and the unit-based element of Quality (Q). However, this research demonstrates that, while these three elements are important, other factors also have a significant contribution to process performance. For example, the efficient use of raw materials as well as the environment (e.g. production system, logistics, labour, etc.) in which the equipment or process ?perates can also be important. By definition, OEE is unable to evaluate and Identify improvement opportunities in these areas. Consequently, OEE+ and ORE are defined in order to provide a more complete and improved measure ?f overall effectiveness. Also, an investigation of the process capability Impact on overall effectiveness is carried out through this research. The technical characteristics or properties of OEE, OEE+ and ORE are analysed an~ ,compared for a range of product characteristics and manufacturing poliCies using a defined set of experiments run on a discrete-event simulation model of an automated bottling line. The relationship between overall e~ectiveness and process capability is also investigated using the bottling simulation model and the experimental design technique Taguchi method in the form of orthogonal arrays. The research concludes that OEE is an inappropriate measure of ~e~or~ance for some manufacturing processes. The weaknesses and limitations of OEE are defined and demonstrated. ORE is demonstrated to be a more complete and improved evaluation of overall effectiveness when compared with OEE or OEE+. Furthermore, ORE provides managers with a ~roader perspective of their processes and, consequently, enables them to ake better decisions about how to run and improve their processes more ~ffectivelY and effiCiently. Finally, the research illustrates the relationship e~een overall effectiveness and process capability and suggests the eXlste~?e of a "breaking point" beyond which improvements in process capability have little impact on the overall effectiveness of a process.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available