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Title: Regional development in Brazil : a study of economic integration in an unevenly developed country
Author: Arroxelas Galva~o, Oli´mpio Jose´ de
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1988
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This study analyses the process of regional economic integration in Brazil, a country which, despite enormous progress in industrialisation, urbanisation and modernisation, ranks among the most unequal economies in the world in terms of income distribution, not only among its population but also among its regions. Because of the vastness of the country and also because its regions shared, in most fundamental ways, a common pat tern of development based on the plantations for export and the establishment of huge latifundia for cattle raising - Brazil failed to build an effective system of internal transportation and developed as a sort of archipelago of "economic islands", which had their markets integrated on a national basis only in a recent period of the country's development. Approaching national growth from both a spatial and an historical perspective, this study analyses the conditions of relative isolation of the regional economies before the Second World War, and the remarkable intensification of interregional trade during the 1950s and the following decade. Empirical evidence is mainly provided by four interstate trad matrices, with new sources of information covering the period 1943-1969, a period which represents a turning point in the process of economic integration of the Brazilian regions and the formation of a national, unified market. In the study of regional development, particular emphasis is given to the historical examination of the reasons why integration was a slow and late process in Brazil, identifying the factors which have been responsible for the sluggish development of the domestic market. Finally, the process of market unification in the modern period is analysed, with emphasis on the shifts in the regional division of labour and on the effects of integration on the regional economies. The major conclusions of the study are that the process of industrial concentration in space, the slow formation of a national, integrated market, and the emergence of regional inequalities in Brazil, are the result of two fundamental elements which accompanied the evolution of the national economy: the remarkable continuity of the pattern of land tenure and land use, and the biased form of state intervention in the national territory.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available