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Title: Automated equivalence checking of quantum information systems
Author: Ardeshir-Larijani, Ebrahim
ISNI:       0000 0004 5363 6619
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 2014
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Quantum technologies have progressed beyond the laboratory setting and are beginning to make an impact on industrial development. The construction of practical, general purpose quantum computers has been challenging, to say the least. But quantum cryptographic and communication devices have been available in the commercial marketplace for a few years. Quantum networks have been built in various cities around the world, and plans are afoot to launch a dedicated satellite for quantum communication. Such new technologies demand rigorous analysis and verification before they can be trusted in safety and security-critical applications. In this thesis we investigate the theory and practice of equivalence checking of quantum information systems. We present a tool, Quantum Equivalence Checker (QEC), which uses a concurrent language for describing quantum systems, and performs verification by checking equivalence between specification and implementation. For our process algebraic language CCSq, we define an operational semantics and a superoperator semantics. While in general, simulation of quantum systems using current computing technology is infeasible, we restrict ourselves to the stabilizer formalism, in which there are efficient simulation algorithms and representation of quantum states. By using the stabilizer representation of quantum states we introduce various algorithms for testing equality of stabilizer states. In this thesis, we consider concurrent quantum protocols that behave functionally in the sense of computing a deterministic input-output relation for all interleavings of a concurrent system. Crucially, these input-output relations can be abstracted by superoperators, enabling us to take advantage of linearity. This allows us to analyse the behaviour of protocols with arbitrary input, by simulating their operation on a finite basis set consisting of stabilizer states. We present algorithms for the checking of functionality and equivalence of quantum protocols. Despite the limitations of the stabilizer formalism and also the range of protocols that can be analysed using equivalence checking, QEC is applied to specify and verify a variety of interesting and practical quantum protocols from quantum communication and quantum cryptography to quantum error correction and quantum fault tolerant computation, where for each protocol different sequential and concurrent model are defined in CCSq. We also explain the implementation details of the QEC tool and report on the experimental results produced by using it on the verification of a number of case studies.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: University of Warwick ; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council ; Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA76 Electronic computers. Computer science. Computer software