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Title: Pro-European groups and the French, Belgian and British Empires (1947-1957)
Author: Kottos, Laura
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2013
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This thesis assesses the role of three pro-European pressure groups (the European Union of Federalists, the Socialist Movement for the United States of Europe and the European League for Economic Cooperation) and their impact in fostering new relations between Europe and the colonies between 1947 and 1957. It argues that the association of the overseas territories into the European Economic Community in 1957, the founding stone of today's European policy for aid and development, was to a large extent the result of the intense intellectual activity that took place in these transnational groups upstream of the signature of the Treaty of Rome. Emphasising the role of European pressure groups in the EEC association policy goes against the stream of current historiography on the issue, which tends to focus on national strategies at stake during the negotiations. A transnational/pressure group approach offers new insights into the history of relationships between the EEC and Africa. First, such an analysis sets the origins of the European Development policy at 1947 - when the groups were created - rather than 1957. Second, whilst many previous studies placed France as the sole initiator of the association policy, a transnational approach enables us to see that British and Belgian elites also played a crucial role in its development. By adopting a purely national framework of analysis, previous authors have failed to see the broader objectives of the European association policy. Pro-European groups indeed hoped that the association would, in the long run, establish a federal Eurafrican community or an economic European Commonwealth that would revive the declining links between Europe and its overseas territories.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available