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Title: Development of a double-layered perovskite as alternative anode material for high temperature steam electrolysis
Author: Qadri, Syed N.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5362 6023
Awarding Body: University of St Andrews
Current Institution: University of St Andrews
Date of Award: 2014
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The research presented is based on alternative anode materials for high temperature steam electrolysis. The key to commercially viable renewable energy economy is based on energy storage of intermittent sources. Hydrogen is the preferred form of energy storage for solid oxide electrolysis cells. However, conventional anode material lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM), suffers from poor ionic conductivity, thus prohibiting much of the bulk electrode from providing an enhanced electrochemical performance. This study explores the use of a double-layered perovskite system with mixed electronic and ionic conductivity for use as anode material. Specifically, the SmBa₁₋ₓSrₓCo₂O[sub](5+δ) system (SBSCO) is analyzed for characteristics that may enhance the performance and feasibility of SBSCO as an alternative anode material to LSM. Previous in-house work showed SmBa₀.₅Sr₀.₅Co₂O[sub](5+δ) had the lowest area specific resistance of any double- layered material reported. Here the system is further explored by studying the full range of compositions. From X-ray diffraction analysis, increased Sr substitution leads to a tetragonal phase change in SBSCO. High temperature x-ray diffraction of compositions showed thermal stability of structure. Magnetization measurements are reported for selected compositions. The stability of SBSCO was examined in CO₂ containing atmospheres. Despite containing alkaline earth metals, the system offers limited CO₂ tolerance. A set of thermodynamic parameters is presented based on CO₂ partial pressure and temperature. Model indicates SBSCO is a stable electrode material for both electrolysis and fuel cell modes. Compositions were tested for steam electrolysis performance with the use of YSZ electrolyte, and Ni-YSZ and La₀.₄Sr₀.₄Ni₀.₀₆Ti₀.₉₄O₂.₉₄ cathodes. SmBa₀.₃Sr₀.₇Co₂O[sub](5+δ) had the highest performance for compositions (0≤x≤1) based on I-V curves and impedance measurements. Stability tests were conducted in potentiostatic mode and no delamination was observed for SBSCO in microstructural analysis after testing. From these studies, SBSCO is demonstrated to be a suitable for application in electrolysis and an alternative for LSM as anode material.
Supervisor: Irvine, John T. S. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Perovskite ; Solid oxide electrolysis cell ; Steam electrolysis ; Alternative electrode material ; Solid state ; Microstructure ; QD571.Q2 ; Perovskite--Conductivity ; Anodes--Materials ; High temperature electrolysis