Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.632601
Title: Urbanisation and inequalities in a post-Malthusian context : implications for theory and policy
Author: Szabo, Sylvia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5362 0772
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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Abstract:
The phenomenon of rapid global urbanisation, urban trends and processes have recently become a topic of increased scholarly inquiry. Yet, little attention has been paid to how urbanisation fits within the post-Malthusian framework and how it affects the most basic resources essential for human survival. By attempting to fill this gap, this thesis contributes, both conceptually and empirically, to the current body of literature on population and development. The thesis is composed of three stand-alone yet interconnected papers (Chapters 3-5), each addressing a set of distinct research problems and questions. Each paper uses a separate dataset developed for the purpose of the study, analysed by means of regression modelling. While anchored in the Malthusian and post-Malthusian literature, all papers are supplemented by additional theoretical and conceptual lines of thought, thus aiming to adapt a holistic approach. Paper One seeks to reorient the Malthusian theory by proposing an initial post-Malthusian framework with a focus on the urbanisation-food security nexus. The quantitative analysis of country-level data confirms that urban growth has a significant negative impact on food security and that the strength of this association is altered by the human development context. In particular, countries’ education has been found to have a significant attenuating effect on the relationship between urban growth and food in security risk. The research questions in Paper Two have been motivated by the Simonian arguments related to the power of human capital in overcoming challenges presented by population growth. The paper tests five interrelated hypotheses pertaining to the impacts of urbanisation on households’ access to safe drinking water in the least developed countries (LDCs), as well as the presumed mitigating impact of human capital on these associations. The results show a differential effect of urbanisation on water access, which is moderated by households’ human capital. Finally, Paper Three aims to examine intra-urban inequalities in children’s nutritional outcomes in selected LDCs experiencing differen t pace of urbanisation. The results confirm that most rapidly urbanising LDCs suffer from greater intra-urban inequalities, which are exacerbated by parents’ lack of education. In addition, mother’s socio-economic characteristics and child’s birth weight are confirmed to be significant predictors of child undernutrition. Overall, this research highlights that the Malthusian theory remains a relevant source of inspiration for contemporary population and development studies; in particular with reference to investigating the determinants of basic necessities, such as food and water. Inasmuch, the revised post-Malthusian framework can constitute a useful basis for future empirical studies and policymaking which deal with practical challenges resulting from global urbanisation processes.
Supervisor: Padmadas, Sabu ; Falkingham, Jane Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.632601  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
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