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Title: Dynamic manipulations of interacting 1D Bose gases
Author: Aviv, Gal
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 1067
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 2014
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Atom chips are a great tool for creation of low dimensional magnetic trapping geometries via micro-structures on the chip surface. Such structures allow the creation of time-dependent magnetic and electric potentials with highly accurate spatial and temporal dependency. As part of this thesis we have investigated the coherence dynamics in one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate while creating a sudden change in the atomic trapping potential. Such sudden changes create phase perturbations of the wave function, which leads to density perturbations. Analyzing these changes enables studies of the evolution of the coherence in a one-dimensional Bose gas with dynamically changing boundary conditions. Of particular interest is the study of prethermalization which can be understood in an integrable systems as so-called generalized Gibbs state. This state does not decay, but in case that there are perturbations that break integrability, this state relaxes further to a thermal state. To get a good understanding of such 1D systems we first investigated the transition from 3D to 1D Bose gas by observing both in situ and time of flight density profiles and analyzing the spatial variations in atom number as a function of temperature, geometry, and atomic density. High quality imaging is essential in these types of atomic physics experiments, and therefore a whole chapter is devoted to a new optimization method of absorption imaging. In this method we have taken into account the quantum nature of both the atomic medium and imaging light. Last, we have outlined an experiment that utilizes one-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensate as an analogue model of quantum field theory, in particular the dynamical Casimir effect and Hawking radiation. We do so by dynamically splitting a condensate along its long axis to a Y-like shape and measure the differential phase between the branches.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC170 Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter