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Title: Infrared neural stimulation of the cochlear nucleus : towards a new generation of auditory brainstem implants
Author: Verma, Rohit
ISNI:       0000 0004 5360 0683
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2014
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In an effort to improve the auditory brainstem implant, a prosthesis in which user outcomesare modest, infrared neural stimulation (INS) was applied to the cochlear nucleus in a ratanimal model. Pulsed INS, delivered to the surface of the cochlear nucleus via an opticalfibre, evoked auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and generated broad neural activation inthe inferior Colliculus (IC). Varying the parameters of the laser stimulation revealed laserpeak power to be the dominating parameter for both ABR and IC responses. Strongestresponses were recorded when the fibre was placed at lateral positions on the cochlearnucleus, close to the temporal bone. After deafening by auditory nerve section, ABR andIC responses to INS disappeared, consistent with a reported "optophonic" effect, a laser-inducedacoustic artifact. Thus, for deaf individuals who use the auditory brainstemimplant, INS alone does not appear promising as a new approach.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Auditory Brainstem Implant ; Infrared Neural Stimulation ; Neuroprosthesis ; Cochlear Nucleus ; Neurofibromatosis type 2 ; Hearing rehabilitation