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Title: Different aid paradigm or familiar pattern? : a critical study of two technical cooperation projects of JICA in Ghana
Author: Tsopanakis, Georgios
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2011
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Abstract:
Development aid has long been a major policy tool of the discourse and policy practice of bilateral and multilateral donors alike. Originally used for servicing the reconstruction of post-war economies and the wider geo-political aspirations of the period, modern development aid was quickly transformed to an ever-growing industry which has expanded to the most remote locations of the globe. Large countries and international organisations swiftly set up a variety of specialised agencies, institutes and research centres in order to promote their aid programmes and projects to the poor countries of the South. The persistent failure of the development industry to achieve substantial results in the poorest regions of the world has meant that discourse and priority areas have been redirected multiple times according to the trends of every period. However, it is not clear how far development practice actually alters in correspondence with changes in aid discourse. This dissertation provides an empirical study of the relationship between the two in the context of the move to bottom-up ‘partnership’ discourse and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) development practise in Ghana. During the last ten years Ghana has geared its development policies towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals and entering the group of countries classified as having (lower) middle-income status. Major donor agencies like JICA have gathered in the country to provide their ‘expertise’ and to ‘assist’ Ghana in reaching the targets of the Millennium Declaration. Drawing from two JICA case studies of Technical Cooperation for Capacity Development in Ghana in health and education this thesis sheds light on the differences between JICA’s aid rhetoric and practice. This study argues that despite JICA’s aid discourse for a ‘demand-driven’, ‘relevant’ and‘participatory’ aid understanding, its implementation practice contradicts the substantive normative meanings of these terms and is instead reticent of the past orthodox and ‘top-down’ aid practices of big donor countries and organisations.
Supervisor: Bracking, Sarah; Ulku, Hulya Sponsor: IKY
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.632147  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Development Aid, JICA, Technical Cooperation, Capacity Development, Cooperation, Project Sustainability
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