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Title: Measuring communication participation in Saudi Arabia : investigating Arabic speakers with neurogenic speech disorders and their communication partners
Author: Alabdulkarim, A. N. M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5358 1873
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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Identifying participation restrictions in individuals with communication disorders might provide a better understanding of their ability to take part in different life situations, and possibly improve their rehabilitation process. In this research, the Arabic Communication Participation Scale (ACPS) was developed to measure communication participation restriction in Arabic speakers with progressive dysarthria. This scale is different from other communication participation scales because it is intended to measure communication participation from the perspectives of individuals with communication disorders and their communication partners. The development of the ACPS went through several phases, starting from selecting relevant items to form the scale, followed by the translation and cultural adaptation of the scale for it to be applicable to this research-targeted population. In the pilot study, Saudi speech therapists, Arabic speakers with progressive dysarthria, and their communication partners, evaluated the scale’s usability and applicability. Field testing of the ACPS was then applied to 50 Arabic speakers with progressive dysarthria and 50 control participants, divided equally into two groups (25 Arabic speakers with progressive neurological diseases but no communication disorders, and 25 healthy speakers). The psychometric properties of the ACPS were tested. The relationship between individuals with progressive dysarthria and their communication partners, in measuring communication participation, were then investigated. Finally, examples of factors affecting communication participation were presented. This study showed that the ACPS was able to detect degrees of communication participation restrictions in Arabic speakers with progressive dysarthria. Cultural adaptation was found to be as important as translation to assure the sensitivity of the scale in measuring its intended concept. The ACPS has acceptable psychometric properties. It showed a positive significant relationship between Arabic speakers with progressive dysarthria and their communication partners. Finally, although a positive relationship was observed between the presence of a speech disorder and restrictions in communication participation, the findings showed that other factors such as (physical disability) could affect communication participation. Future research is needed to investigate the possible effect of a different types of factors associated with Arabic speakers living in Saudi Arabia. Examples include measuring the effects of psychosocial factors, environmental factors and surgical/medication effects on communication participation restrictions.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available