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Title: New generation finite element methods for forward seismic modelling
Author: Howarth, Charlotta Jasmine
ISNI:       0000 0004 5357 776X
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 2014
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The Ultra Weak Variational Formulation (UWVF) is a powerful numerical method for the simulation of acoustic, elastic, and electromagnetic waves. Key to its strength is the superior approximation properties of the Trefftz basis of local solutions of the homogeneous form of the equation to be solved. In this thesis we consider time harmonic acoustic wave propagation in two dimensions, as modelled by the Helmholtz equation. We investigate enrichment of the UWVF basis for wave scattering and propagation problems, with applications in geophysics. A new Hankel basis is implemented in the UWVF, allowing greater flexibility than the traditional plane wave basis. We use ray tracing techniques to provide a good a priori choice of direction of propagation for the UWVF basis. A reduction in the number of degrees of freedom required for a given level of accuracy is achieved for the case of scattering by a smooth convex obstacle. The use of the UWVF for forward seismic modelling is considered, simulating wave propagation through a synthetic sound speed profile of the subsurface of the Earth. The practicalities of implementation in a domain of highly varying sound speed are discussed, and a ray enhanced basis is trialled. Wave propagation from a source on the interior of the domain is simulated, representative of an explosive sound source positioned at depth. The UWVF typically has difficulties representing the inhomogenous Helmholtz equation. An augmentation to the UWVF called the Source Extraction UWVF is presented which allows the superior approximation properties of the Trefftz basis to be maintained.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available