Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: From school to work : a study of youth non-formal training and employment in Lusaka
Author: Hoppers, W. H. M. L.
Awarding Body: Institute of Education (University of London)
Current Institution: UCL Institute of Education (IOE)
Date of Award: 1984
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
The thesis focusses on out-of-school youths in Lusaka, Zambia, and assesses the value of different types of non-formal training in the transition from school to work. This value is considered at two levels: at the macro-level it concerns the economic importance of such forms of skill acquisition and their role in a wider process of of socio-economic diffe~entiation. At the micro-level the thesis studies the actual process of social selection into non-formal training and examines its contribution to personal social and occupational mobility. Two types of non-formal training are considered: apprenticeship in small informal sector workshops and Vocational Skills Training Centres, the latter having been established mostly by voluntary agencies as a special arrangement for skill acquisition by school leavers. The thesis shows how in Lusaka economic difficulties have further encouraged labour market segementation and socio-economic differentiation. Educational and training provisions, which strongly influence access to different types of work, are becoming more stratified, the less valuable channels being entered disproportionately by youth of lower social origin. In the wake of the economic recession non-formal training arrangements have gained some importance to urban out-of-school youths as alternative means by which entry into formal sector wage-employment is attempted. The result of these developments have been that both types of training have changed over time, though in different ways. The Skills Training Centres became more formalised, enabling many participants to enter moderately secure wage-employment in smaller formal sector enterprises. Apprenticeship, on the other hand, lost much of its value as a preparation for entrepreneurship, becoming a mechanism for producers to attract youths as semi wageworkers to their workshops. This different value in the labour market can be set against a different pattern of entry into these forms of training: while both only gain attention by youths after other routes of advancement have been exhausted, those youths who end in apprenticeship tend to be of poorer social origin, while Skills Training Centres tend to be monopolised by middle class youths. It can be observed that non-formal training in the Lusaka case has come to foster social reproduction rather than to act as a second-chance opportunity for social mobility. Nevertheless, the thesis also shows that mobility is still possible in individual cases as youths can often draw upon valuable social resources through their personal network.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available